Jökulsá on Breiðamerkursandur

A short glacial river, only 1500 m long but very powerful. It drains from the Glacier Lagoon (100 m deep), where icebergs calve from Breiðamerkurjökull, part of the Vatnajökull glacial cap. Cruising among the icebergs is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the whole of Iceland. Jökulsá was a major obstacle to travel in the area and many people on foot opted to skirt the side of the glacier instead. A bridge was built in 1966-1967, but is in danger of being eroded by wave action.

Due to climate changes and warmer temperatures this area went through great changes after the 1920s. A lagoon, known as Jökulsárlón, began to form between the Breiðamerkurjökull glacier and a glacial ridge by the ocean. The lagoon is very deep and the greater part of it was formed after 1950. Large icebergs have broken off the glacier and these float on the lagoon, making it very impressive.

Jökulsárlón has become a popular tourist spot and has been used as a location for Hollywood films, including James Bond.

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