Heath at a mean altitude of 500 m, with alternating gravel dunes and hills, and wetlands and pastures between them containing many lakes. Some 16 farms were built on Jökuldalsheiði around the middle of last century, but the area was rendered almost uninhabitable by the Mt. Askja eruption in 1875. Some farms remained until the middle of this century, but at different times, and the moor is now uninhabited. Remains of settlements dating from 1841-1946 can be seen on the long open stretch of the Ring Road between east and north Iceland. Sænautasel, by the lake of the same name, has been rebuilt in the moorland farmhouse tradition, and caters to travellers in summer.

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