Northwest Iceland

Since 1959, Northwest Iceland has extended from Hrútafjörður and Hrútafjörður river east to Hvanndalsbjarg between Héðinsfjörður and Ólafsfjörður. Its south border lies through Hofsjökull glacier, Kjölur and the watershed on the heaths. According to a new constituency plan for 2003, Siglufjörður belongs to the Northeast constituency.


Is the district bordering on Húnaflói Bay, which opens out towards the Arctic Ocean. Its boundaries to the south are in the interior, over the Kjölur highland pass, Hofsjökull glacier and the watershed on the heaths separating it from Borgarfjörður.
Three fjords leading inland from Húnaflói bay divide the district and create its distinctive peninsulas. Heggstaðanes projects between the fjords Hrútafjörður and Miðfjörður, and Vatnsnes between Miðfjörður and Húnafjörður. The western part is characterized by low valleys bordered by ridges of hills, while the landscape rises towards the east of the district with deep valleys penetrating all the way to the Highlands. Several large lakes (lagoons) are close to the shore. Many rivers flow through the Húnavatn district, and salmon runs are common. The main rock type is basalt, with rhyolite in some places. Large dolerite lava fields occur in the north of the district, the product of eruptions during Ice Age interglacials. Geothermal activity occurs in various places.
Húnavatn is green countryside, with grass and marshland but with few shrubs and no trees. Above all it is an agricultural district, with many horses as well as sheep. There are few natural harbours.
Skagafjörður and valley stretch from the Arctic Ocean to the Highlands, its borders defined by rivers originating in the glaciers of the Highland interior. It is one of the cradles of Icelandic history, playing a leading role in the events of the 13th century civil war and in cultural developments for centuries afterwards.
To its northeast, the district spreads into several valleys that cut into the Tröllaskagi massif, which separates it from Eyjafjörður. The low and wide valley named after the fjord likewise branches out into deeper valleys and chasms, and merges into the vast plateau of the Highlands. There are several islands in the fjord itself, the best known of which are Lundey, Málmey and Drangey.
Austari- and Vestari-Jokulsa, two rivers fed by Hofsjökull glacier, merged to form the meandering, gravelled Héraðsvötn river which dominates the main valley floor. Several lakes are also found.
Basalt is the main rock type in Skagafjörður, although dolerite and palagonite are also found. Geothermal activity is very widespread.
The main activity on the coast is fishing, while traditional farming is practised in the fertile pastures and wetlands with their grass and sedge. There is a considerable amount of horse breeding.


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