Snæfellsnes Peninsula

Snæfellsnes has largely coastal landscape apart from the jagged mountain ridge that divides it, and is decorated with bizarre natural lava formations and alive with folklore - and with bird colonies. Much of the southern shore is sandy with few bays. Steep cliffs begin near Búðir and around the peninsula to Hellissandur, where lava has flowed into the sea. There are not many rivers on the peninsula, but good fishing is to be had in them.

The main rock type on the peninsula is tertiary basalt, but Ice Age palagonite and dolerite are also found in many places, together with rhyolite and various types of plutonic rock. Testifying to the way that the land has risen from the sea, interesting shell strata occur at various sites, and Ice Age plant fossils have also been recorded. Shrub land is hardly found except inland at Skógarströnd on the peninsula’s northern shore.

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